A Wastewater Treatment plant is a physical plant where various physical, biological or chemical processes are used to change the properties of the wastewater (e.g. by removing harmful substances) in order to turn it into a type of water (also called effluent) that can be safely discharged into the environment or that is usable for a certain reuse purpose. In the case of the latter, the term "reclaimed water" is commonly used. The treatment of wastewater belongs to the over-arching term sanitation, just like the management of human excreta, solid waste and stormwater (drainage). By-products from wastewater treatment plants, such as Screenings, Grit, Sewage Sludge, Other Sludges, Odorous Gases are also treated in a wastewater treatment plant. A wastewater treatment plant generally requires electrical energy to function, except for certain types of constructed wetlands, but they can also produce energy in the form of biogas if anaerobic processes are used.
TECHNICAL DATA SHEET:
Raw Material Used
Effective Specific Surface Area of edia
Number of media per cubic meter
Type Of Media
Fluidized Bio Media
MOC of Media
Virgin PP UV Stabilized
Cylindrical with External Fins
PSA / TSA Ratio (%)
Specific Weight (kg/m2) Surface Area
0.90 - 0.95 gms/cm3
Max Continuous Operating Temperature
Media Fill Rate Range, % Fill of V
25 - 55
Life expectancy in years
TUBE SETTLER MEDIA:
Clarification/Sedimentation is the most important stage in the field of waster water treatment. The most efficient sedimentation systems have high settling surface area whilst maintaining a small structure. SWE clarifier media provides a large settling surface area within the specified volume thus giving high flow rates. They have a chevron shaped self-supporting structure in a tubular form with six sides. They are primarily used in applications like water treatment, primary & secondary clarifiers in wastewater treatment.
SWE Clarifier Media have no moving parts as a result of which there is no energy loss. The distribution and entry velocity are minimum resulting in maximum efficiency and better effluent quality. The efficient design minimizes space requirements and is sturdy and easy to transport and install. SWE Clarifier Media increase the capacity of clarifier due to increase in area.
TECHNICAL DATA SHEET:
Raw Material Used Material of Construction
Shape of Tube
Chevron - Unequal Hexagonal (or as required)
Plan Settling Area
12 m2/m3 (at 60 slope)
14 m2/m3 (at 55 slope)
Surface Loading Rate
1 mm(± 0.1mm)
Distance Between Horizontal
Vertical – 44mm
66 x 52 mm (at 60 slope)
No of tubes per square meter
Approx 285 (at 60 slope)
Weight per cubic meter
Maximum Continuous Working Temperature
Fitting of Tube
Easy to fit with a tongue and groove arrangement
Media must be stored in a covered place with adequate ventilation
Aeration of liquids (usually water) is achieved by:
Packaging of bottled beer typically involves drawing the product from a holding tank and filling it into bottles in a filling machine (filler), which are then capped, labeled and packed into cases or cartons. Many smaller breweries send their bulk beer to large facilities for contract bottling—though some will bottle by hand. Virtually all beer bottles are glass.
The first step in bottling beer is depalletising, where the empty bottles are removed from the original pallet packaging delivered from the manufacturer, so that individual bottles may be handled. The bottles may then be rinsed with filtered water or air, and may have carbon dioxide injected into them in attempt to reduce the level of oxygen within the bottle. The bottle then enters a "filler" which fills the bottle with beer and may also inject a small amount of inert gas (usually carbon dioxide or nitrogen) on top of the beer to disperse the oxygen, as oxygen can ruin the quality of the product via oxidation. Finally, the bottles go through a "capper", which applies a bottle cap, sealing the bottle. A few beers are bottled with a cork and cage.
Next the bottle enters a labelling machine ("labeller") where a label is applied. To ensure traceability of the product, a lot number, generally the date and time of bottling, may also be printed on the bottle. The product is then packed into boxes and warehoused, ready for sale.